XXVI Edition

14-15-16 December 2017"

U.S. Real Estate Risk Factors

Delfim Jean-Christophe, University of Geneva
Hoesli Martin, University of Geneva

This research focuses on macroeconomic risk factors pertaining to the various types of real estate exposure, i.e. direct, listed and non-listed investments. We apply panel model techniques which make it possible to take advantage of both the cross-sectional and time series dimensions of our data. Much emphasis is placed on comparing sensitivities to risk factors across the types of real estate exposure. This is important in order to assess whether indirect (listed and non-listed) exposures react in the same way as direct investments to the macroeconomy and how well such investments replicate direct real estate behavior. The empirical analyses are conducted using U.S. data from 1984Q1 to 2016Q2. Allocations both by sector and geography are considered. For indirect exposures, we also control among other things for size and leverage. The various types of real estate exposure generally respond similarly to risk factors with GDP, money supply, construction costs, expected inflation, and expected economic activity positively impact returns, while the term and credit spreads, unemployment, and unexpected inflation negatively affect returns.

Area: Other

Keywords: Risk factors; Direct real estate; Non-listed real estate; Listed real estate; Macroeconomy

Paper file

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